How to read and understand haiku Part 2


But over time, past and future depicts the haiku, a haiku is a brief moment of the present. Here is an example of the haiku of Issa probably the most beloved poet in Japan:

As cherry blossomed!

She and the horse were driven

And the Prince proud.

Transience is an inherent property of life in understanding the Japanese, without it life has no value and meaning. The transience of the beautiful and sad that its nature is impermanent, changeable.

Should not be considered a haiku infinity lyrics. The Japanese themselves never wrote about haiku in the same spirit, although they acknowledge that the main theme of haiku is "the poet and his landscape".

An important place in haiku poetry is the relationship with four seasons fall, winter, spring and summer. The sages said: "Who has seen the seasons, he saw everything." We have seen the birth, maturation, love, new birth and death. Therefore, in the classical haiku the essential element is a "seasonal word" (kigo), which associates the poem with the time of year. Sometimes these words are hard to recognize foreigners, but the Japanese are all known. Now the Japanese networks are found a detailed database of kigo, some thousands of words.

In the above haiku about a crow seasonal word is very simple "autumn". The flavor of this poem is very dark, accentuated by the atmosphere of the autumn evening, literally "twilight of autumn", that is, black against the deepening twilight.

Bass called the poet of wandering: he was wandering around Japan in search of a true haiku, and, going to a way, didn't care about food, sleep, the tramps, the vicissitudes of the path in the remote mountains. In the way he was accompanied by the fear of death.

Imitating the bass, the haiku poets before her death, always resigned "last verses".

"True" (Makoto) poems by Basho, Buson, Issa close to our contemporaries. Historical distance as if shot in them due to the immutability of language haiku, its formulaic nature, continuing throughout the history of the genre from the FIFTEENTH century to the present day.

The main thing in the philosophy of Chiquita acute personal interest in the form of things, their essence, relationships. Remember the words of Basho: "Learn from the pine, what pine, learn of bamboo, what is bamboo". Japanese poets cultivated meditative contemplation of nature, gazing at the objects that surround man in the world, in an endless cycle of things in nature, in its bodily, sensual features. The purpose of the poet to observe nature and to intuitively discern its connection with the human world; chikaishi rejected ugliness, irrelevance, utility, abstraction.

The bass created not only the poetry of haiku and prose haibun, but the image of the poet-wanderer noble man, looks ascetic, a beggar in a dress, far from all worldly things, but also aware of the sad complicity to everything what is happening in the world, preaching conscious "simplification". The haiku poet's peculiar obsession with his journey, Zen Buddhist great ability to bring in a small, awareness of the impermanence of the world, of the fragility and variability of life, of man's loneliness in the universe, tart bitterness of being, a sense of the continuity of man and nature, the hypersensitivity to all the phenomena of nature and the changing seasons.

The ideal of such people poverty, simplicity, sincerity, the state of spiritual concentration that is required for understanding things, but the lightness, the transparency of the verse, the ability to portray the eternal in the current.